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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 - Stage 3 Earth and Space


A student:

  • ST3-8ES

    describes how discoveries by people from different cultures and times have contributed to advancing scientific understanding of the solar system

  • ST3-9ES

    explains rapid change at the Earth’s surface caused by natural events, using evidence provided by advances in technology and scientific understanding


  • The Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the sun). (ACSSU078)
  • Students:
  • research the key features of the planets of the solar system and compare how long each takes to orbit the sun LN
  • demonstrate using models that the Earth revolves around the sun and the moon revolves around the Earth
  • research the important contributions made by people from a range of cultures and organisations, using technologies of the time, to advancing scientific understanding of the solar system such as Aryabhata, Copernicus, Galileo, CSIRO and NASA (ACSHE082, ACSHE099) CCCCTIUWE
  • describe how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples use observations of the night sky to inform decisions about some everyday activities, eg food gathering and ceremonies AHC
  • Sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth's surface. (ACSSU096)
  • Students:
  • describe using examples how natural geological events cause rapid changes to the Earth's surface, eg earthquakes, volcanic eruptions or tsunamis in the Asian region or throughout the world A
  • research how some discoveries or inventions have increased scientific knowledge and provided evidence about natural events that cause rapid changes at the Earth's surface L
  • investigate a recent Australian example of the effect on the Earth's surface of extreme weather conditions, eg cyclones, droughts or floods
  • identify ways that advances in science and technology have assisted people to plan for and manage natural disasters to minimise their effects, eg detection systems for tsunamis, floods and bush fires SE