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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Stage 2 Earth and Space


A student:

  • ST2-8ES

    describes some observable changes over time on the Earth’s surface that result from natural processes and human activity

  • ST2-9ES

    describes how relationships between the sun and the Earth cause regular changes


  • Earth's surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity. (ACSSU075)
  • Students:
  • use appropriate tools and equipment to collect and record data about some changes in natural conditions, eg tides, daily temperature, rainfall and wind NLICT
  • investigate how change in the environment is used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to develop seasonal calendars AHCCCT
  • describe some changes in the landscape that have occurred over time as a result of natural processes, eg erosion by wind and water
  • research changes that have occurred in a local environment in Australia or an Asian region as a result of human activities, eg increasing erosion, construction of built environments and regeneration of an area ASE
  • Earth's rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day. (ACSSU048)
  • Students:
  • demonstrate that the rotation of the Earth on its axis is the cause of night and day, eg by using models of the Earth and sun
  • describe local seasonal changes that occur as a result of the Earth's movement around the sun
  • observe and record changes in the length and direction of a shadow during the day to show how the movement of the Earth around the sun can be used to measure time, eg by using a shadow clock or sundial N