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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Stage 2 Working Scientifically


A student:

  • ST2-4WS

    investigates their questions and predictions by analysing collected data, suggesting explanations for their findings, and communicating and reflecting on the processes undertaken


  • Students question and predict by:
  • using curiosity, prior knowledge, experiences and scientific information with guidance, identifying questions in familiar contexts that can be investigated scientifically (ACSIS053, ACSIS064) CCT
  • predicting what might happen based on prior knowledge in an investigation (ACSIS053, ACSIS064) L
  • Students plan investigations by:
  • working collaboratively and individually, to suggest ways to plan and conduct investigations to find answers to questions (ACSIS054, ACSIS065) WEPSC
  • suggesting appropriate materials, tools and equipment they could use in conducting their investigations and recording their findings, identifying appropriate safety rules ICT
  • identifying where Working Scientifically might inform or test elements of Working Technologically in relation to established criteria CCT
  • Students conduct investigations by:
  • following the planned method, adjusting procedures as necessary, including exploration, fieldworksurveys and researching secondary sources
  • safely using appropriate materials, tools or equipment to make and record observations, using formal measurements and digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS055, ACSIS066) ICTWEN
  • using a range of methods to record observations and measurements with care and honesty, including tables and formal units for length, time and mass LNEU
  • Students process and analyse data and information by:
  • using a range of methods including tables and simple column graphs to represent data and to identify patterns and trends, using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS057, ACSIS068) ICTNL
  • sharing their findings and reflecting on the investigation, including whether a test was fair or not (ACSIS058, ACSIS069) PSC
  • describing patterns and relationships in data collected from investigations (ACSHE050, ACSHE061)
  • comparing results with predictions, suggesting possible reasons for findings (ACSIS215, ACSIS216) PSCNCCT
  • using their ideas and findings to identify what they could find out next through the processes of Working Scientifically and Working Technologically CCT
  • Students communicate by:
  • representing and communicating ideas and findings in a variety of ways such as diagrams, physical representations and simple reports, tables, simple column graphs, written and oral factual texts, explanation and argument (ACSIS060, ACSIS071) LN
  • sharing what they did and found out, including identifying some strengths and limitations of the method they used and what could be done differently to improve their investigation, including fairness as appropriate CCTPSC

Background information


In Stage 2 students continue to develop their skills in using and applying the processes of Working Scientifically. The emphasis is on producing evidence that can be shared with peers, requiring honesty and accuracy in recording and communicating, as well as evaluation of the process undertaken. Students begin to reflect on the relationship between the process undertaken and their evidence, pondering on such questions as: 'How sure am I?'

Students continue to develop their skills in using a range of investigation methods encountered in Stage 1 (exploration, surveys, accessing secondary sources and fieldwork). They are introduced to the notion of fairness in investigations. They use data and/or information from secondary sources where necessary, to extend the scope of their investigations. Students make suggestions about the selection of simple tools and equipment to help make observations and measurements more accurately. They employ additional strategies for recording, processing and communicating their findings, consistent with stage-appropriate understanding in literacy and numeracy. Students draw on appropriate digital technologies where relevant, to locate and access data and/or information, to record and process data, and to share and communicate their ideas and understandings.

In Stage 3 students take greater responsibility for planning, including posing testable questions and using fair tests. They refine their use of exploration, fieldwork and data from secondary sources. Students reflect on their evidence in relation to the process used.