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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 - Stage 1 Material World


A student:

  • ST1-12MW

    identifies ways that everyday materials can be physically changed and combined for a particular purpose

  • ST1-13MW

    relates the properties of common materials to their use for particular purposes


  • Everyday materials can be physically changed in a variety of ways. (ACSSU018)
  • Students:
  • explore how some everyday materials can be physically changed by actions, eg bending, twisting, stretching, squashing or heating
  • Different materials can be combined, including by mixing, for a particular purpose. (ACSSU031)
  • Students:
  • predict the changes materials will undergo when they are combined, eg sugar in water or different colours of paint; and when they are mixed, eg sand and water or cake ingredients CCT
  • compare their observations with their predictions when materials are combined and mixed
  • explore examples of how people at home and work change and combine different materials for a particular purpose, eg food preparation and making concrete CCTWE
  • The different properties of materials enable them to be used for particular purposes.
  • Students:
  • use their senses to identify the similarities and differences in the properties of materials, eg the textures of different fabrics, the difference in hardness of solid materials and the runniness of different liquids
  • identify the properties of some common materials and why they are used for particular purposes, eg the waterproof property of plastic rainwear or insulating property of a woollen jumper CCT
  • identify a range of natural materials used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and share ideas about the ways they are used to suit a particular purpose, eg the use of wood, stone and fibres in the built environment AHC