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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 - Stage 1 Working Technologically


A student:

  • ST1-5WT

    uses a structured design process, everyday tools, materials, equipment and techniques to produce solutions that respond to identified needs and wants


  • Students explore and define a task by:
  • identifying needs and wants of users/audiences, eg using interviews, observations and surveys CCTPSC
  • Students generate and develop ideas by:
  • researching and exploring different sources of information, including the internet
  • exploring different materials by observing and manipulating them and using trial-and-error CCT
  • using techniques for documenting and communicating design ideas, including simple plans, drawings and models, using familiar materials L
  • describing the features of design ideas and the materials they select
  • using feedback from others to refine design ideas PSC
  • using the results of investigations to refine design ideas
  • Students produce solutions by:
  • suggesting simple steps for production
  • using a range of everyday tools, equipment, materials and techniques
  • working cooperatively and safely PSC
  • Students evaluate by:
  • explaining the strengths and limitations of what they did and what could have been done differently to improve the solution CCT
  • identifying how their solution meets the needs and wants of users/audiences PSC

Background information


In Stage 1 students build on their skills in and knowledge about Working Technologically through activities that have been structured by the teacher. They explore and define teacher-determined tasks. In Early Stage 1 students explored the purpose of their designs, whereas in Stage 1 'purpose' is more directly related to the needs of users/audiences. Students are introduced to ways of evaluating how well existing solutions meet the needs of users/audiences. They begin to use methods, for example drawing and modelling to assist design development, and they obtain user feedback to refine their ideas. Whereas in Early Stage 1 students used a process that made little distinction between developing ideas and producing solutions, in Stage 1 students begin to treat production as a discrete phase of the process and suggest steps for producing their solution. They begin to use an expanded range of everyday tools, equipment, materials and techniques for production. Students start to systematically reflect on what they have produced and how design and production could be improved.

In Stage 2 students begin to use simple design criteria when developing and using processes of Working Technologically. They begin to develop and apply a sequence of production steps and continue to use a range of tools, equipment, materials and methods to produce their designed solution. Students begin to use methods to evaluate their ideas and solutions in relation to the specific design criteria, and suggest how their design could be adjusted.