skip to main content
NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Life Skills Physical World

Physical World: Forces


A student:

  • SCLS-10PW

    explores a range of forces in everyday situations

Related Stage 4/5 outcomes: SC4-10PW, SC5-10PW


  • There are different types of forces that can be experienced in daily life.
  • Forces
  • Students:
  • identify a force as a push or pull
  • recognise the ways people use pushes and pulls in everyday life, eg opening and closing a door
  • communicate what happens when a force is applied to an object, eg squeezing/stretching
  • observe the change in motion that occurs when a force is applied to an object, eg a car starting/stopping, a surfer changing direction or an elevator moving up and down
  • investigate how technological developments have reduced the harmful impact of forces in everyday life, eg safety helmets, seatbelts and airbags CCTICT
  • Frictional force
  • Students:
  • recognise that heat is generated when surfaces rub together, eg rubbing hands together or tyres moving on the surface of a road
  • identify some of the effects of friction, eg wear and tear on shoes and tyres
  • participate in an investigation of the friction caused by a variety of surfaces, eg rolling a ball on a smooth or bumpy surface
  • explore ways of reducing friction, eg by smoothing or greasing a surface
  • recognise factors that influence the size of frictional forces
  • Electrostatic forces
  • Students:
  • identify an electrical discharge, eg lightning, sparks from taking off an acrylic jumper, 'zaps' from rubbing shoes on carpet
  • investigate the effects of rubbing insulators to gain a static electric charge, eg plastic and nylon
  • investigate attraction or repulsion of electrical charges
  • Gravitational force
  • Students:
  • observe the way the force of gravity pulls objects towards the Earth
  • investigate the effects of gravity as a downward-acting force on a variety of objects
  • Magnetic forces
  • Students:
  • recognise a common magnet
  • recognise the effects of a magnet by observing the responses of a variety of materials to a magnet, including iron and steel
  • investigate attraction and repulsion by the poles of a magnet
  • identify uses of magnets, eg fridge magnets, toys, motors or compasses

Physical World: Energy


A student:

  • SCLS-11PW

    identifies various forms and sources of energy and their uses

  • SCLS-12PW

    investigates ways to use energy responsibly

Related Stage 4/5 outcomes: SC4-11PW, SC5-11PW


  • There are different forms of energy, which may be transferred and transformed for different purposes.
  • Students:
  • observe and/or experience forms of energy, eg feeling heat from a fire, seeing light from a lamp or feeling the vibrations when a musical instrument is played
  • recognise forms of energy we use in our home/school, eg heat, light or sound
  • identify the sources of energy we use in the home/school, eg electricity, gas or solar
  • recognise that the form of energy can change, eg electrical to heat (stove), electrical to sound and light (television) or electrical to light and heat (light globe)
  • recognise that electrical devices source electricity from power points and batteries
  • explore potential risks and the safe use of electrical devices, eg turning off the power point before unplugging a device and not using electrical devices near water PSC
  • construct or draw simple circuits N
  • recognise that electricity cannot flow if the circuit is incomplete, eg when a fuse breaks
  • Responsible use of energy is important for individuals and society.
  • Students:
  • identify why we should reduce our use of energy SE
  • explore ways in which individuals can reduce their use of energy, eg walking or cycling instead of driving, limiting the length of a shower or turning electrical appliances off instead of leaving them on standby SEPSC
  • investigate new technologies and innovations to help reduce the amount of energy used around the home, eg energy-saving light globes, energy ratings on appliances or home insulation SEICT