Mass 1
Outcomes
A student:

 MA31WM
describes and represents mathematical situations in a variety of ways using mathematical terminology and some conventions

 MA32WM
selects and applies appropriate problemsolving strategies, including the use of digital technologies, in undertaking investigations

 MA312MG
selects and uses the appropriate unit and device to measure the masses of objects, and converts between units of mass
 Students:
 Choose appropriate units of measurement for mass (ACMMG108)
 recognise the need for a formal unit larger than the kilogram
 use the tonne to record large masses, eg sand, soil, vehicles
 record masses using the abbreviation for tonnes (t)
 distinguish between the ‘gross mass’ and the ‘net mass’ of containers holding substances, eg cans of soup
 interpret information about mass on commercial packaging (Communicating)
 solve problems involving gross mass and net mass, eg find the mass of a container given the gross mass and the net mass (Problem Solving)
 select and use the appropriate unit and device to measure mass, eg electronic scales, kitchen scales
 determine the net mass of the contents of a container after measuring the gross mass and the mass of the container (Problem Solving)
 find the approximate mass of a small object by establishing the mass of a number of that object, eg 'The stated weight of a box of chocolates is 250 g. If there are 20 identical chocolates in the box, what does each chocolate weigh?'
Background Information
Gross mass is the mass of the contents of a container and the container. Net mass is the mass of the contents only.
Local industries and businesses could provide sources for the study of measurement in tonnes, eg weighbridges, cranes, hoists.
Language
Students should be able to communicate using the following language: mass, gross mass, net mass, measure, device, scales, tonne, kilogram, gram.
As the terms 'weigh' and 'weight' are common in everyday usage, they can be accepted in student language should they arise. Weight is a force that changes with gravity, while mass remains constant.
National Numeracy Learning Progression links to this Mathematics outcome
When working towards the outcome MA3‑12MG the subelements (and levels) of Understanding units of measurement (UuM7) describe observable behaviours that can aid teachers in making evidencebased decisions about student development and future learning.
The progression subelements and indicators can be viewed by accessing the National Numeracy Learning Progression.
Mass 2
Outcomes
A student:

 MA31WM
describes and represents mathematical situations in a variety of ways using mathematical terminology and some conventions

 MA32WM
selects and applies appropriate problemsolving strategies, including the use of digital technologies, in undertaking investigations

 MA312MG
selects and uses the appropriate unit and device to measure the masses of objects, and converts between units of mass
 Students:
 Connect decimal representations to the metric system (ACMMG135)
 recognise the equivalence of wholenumber and decimal representations of measurements of mass, eg 3 kg 250 g is the same as 3.25 kg
 interpret decimal notation for masses, eg 2.08 kg is the same as 2 kilograms and 80 grams
 measure mass using scales and record using decimal notation of up to three decimal places, eg 0.875 kg
 Convert between common metric units of mass (ACMMG136)
 convert between kilograms and grams and between kilograms and tonnes
 explain and use the relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units needed to assist in determining whether multiplication or division is required when converting between units, eg 'More grams than kilograms will be needed to measure the same mass, and so to convert from kilograms to grams, I need to multiply' (Communicating, Reasoning)
 solve problems involving different units of mass, eg find the total mass of three items weighing 50 g, 750 g and 2.5 kg
 relate the mass of one litre of water to one kilogram
Background Information
One litre of water has a mass of one kilogram and a volume of 1000 cubic centimetres. While the relationship between volume and capacity is constant for all substances, the same volumes of substances other than water may have different masses, eg 1 litre of oil is lighter than 1 litre of water, which in turn is lighter than 1 litre of honey. This can be demonstrated using digital scales.
Refer also to background information in Mass 1.
Language
Students should be able to communicate using the following language: mass, measure, scales, tonne, kilogram, gram.
Refer also to language in Mass 1.
National Numeracy Learning Progression links to this Mathematics outcome
When working towards the outcome MA3‑12MG the subelements (and levels) of Operating with decimals (OwD1) and Understanding units of measurement (UuM8) describe observable behaviours that can aid teachers in making evidencebased decisions about student development and future learning.
The progression subelements and indicators can be viewed by accessing the National Numeracy Learning Progression.