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NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Stage 3 The Australian Colonies


A student:

  • HT3-1

    describes and explains the significance of people, groups, places and events to the development of Australia

  • HT3-2

    describes and explains different experiences of people living in Australia over time

  • HT3-5

    applies a variety of skills of historical inquiry and communication

  • Key inquiry questions:

  • What do we know about the lives of people in Australia's colonial past and how do we know?
  • How did an Australian colony develop over time and why?
  • How did colonial settlement change the environment?
  • What were the significant events and who were the significant people that shaped Australian colonies?
  • Historical concepts and skills

  • The historical concepts and skills to be taught throughout Stage 3 are listed in the Overview of Teaching and Learning.
  • Content

  • Reasons (economic, political and social) for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800 (ACHHK093)
  • Students:
  • discuss why the British government set up colonies in Australia after 1800 CCEU
  • The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of the daily life of inhabitants (including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples) and how the environment changed (ACHHK094)
  • Students:
  • outline settlement patterns in the nineteenth century and the factors which influenced them N
  • discuss the impact of settlement on local Aboriginal peoples and the environment AHCSE
  • discuss the diverse relationships between Aboriginal peoples and the British AHCSE
  • investigate the everyday life of a variety of men and women in post-1800 colonial settlements using a range of sources and explain their different experiences DD
  • The impact of a significant development or event on a colony; for example, frontier conflict, the gold rushes, the Eureka Stockade, internal exploration, the advent of rail, the expansion of farming, drought (ACHHK095)
  • Students:
  • identify events that have shaped Australia's identity and discuss why they were significant AHCCCIUDD
  • use a range of sources to investigate ONE significant development or event and its impact on the chosen colony LICTCCT
  • The reasons people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony (ACHHK096)
  • Students:
  • identify the European and Asian countries from which people migrated to Australia during the nineteenth century and reasons for their migration AIU
  • investigate the experiences of a particular migrant group and the contributions they made to society IU
  • The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony; for example, explorers, farmers, entrepreneurs, artists, writers, humanitarians, religious and political leaders, and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples (ACHHK097)
  • Students:
  • use a range of sources to investigate the role of a particular man, woman or group and the contributions each made to the shaping of the colony CCAHC