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NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Stage 2 First Contacts


A student:

  • HT2-3

    describes people, events and actions related to world exploration and its effects

  • HT2-4

    describes and explains effects of British colonisation in Australia

  • HT2-5

    applies skills of historical inquiry and communication

  • Key inquiry questions:

  • Why did the great journeys of exploration occur?
  • What was life like for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples before the arrival of the Europeans?
  • Why did Europeans settle in Australia?
  • What was the nature and consequence of contact between Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples and early traders, explorers and settlers?
  • Historical concepts and skills

  • The historical concepts and skills to be taught throughout Stage 2 are listed in the Overview of Teaching and Learning.
  • Content

  • The diversity and longevity of Australia's first peoples and the ways Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples are connected to Country and Place (land, sea, waterways and skies) and the implications for their daily lives (ACHHK077)
  • Students:
  • identify the original inhabitants of Australia and create a timeline indicating their longevity in Australia of more than 50,000 years AHCN
  • investigate, drawing on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community representatives (where possible) and other sources, the traditional Aboriginal way of life, focusing on people, their beliefs, food, shelter, tools and weapons, customs and ceremonies, art works, dance, music, and relationship to Country AHCSEICT
  • The journey(s) of at least ONE world navigator, explorer or trader up to the late eighteenth century, including their contacts with other societies and any impacts (ACHHK078)
  • Students:
  • discuss the significance of opening of world trade routes by early explorers such as Vasco da Gama, Columbus, Magellan CCTA
  • outline the voyages of ONE early explorer, eg Zheng He, Torres, Jansz, Tasman, Captain Cook or La Perouse, and explain the impact of their voyages CCT
  • discuss the question: 'Who discovered Australia?' CCTN
  • Stories of the First Fleet, including reasons for the journey, who travelled to Australia, and their experiences following arrival (ACHHK079)
  • Students:
  • identify reasons for the voyage of the First Fleet and explain why various groups were passengers
  • describe the establishment of the British colony at Port Jackson CCLAHC
  • using a range of sources, investigate the everyday life of ONE of the following who sailed on the First Fleet and lived in the early colony: a soldier, convict, ex-convict, official DDICTL
  • The nature of contact between Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islanders and others, for example, the Macassans and the Europeans, and the effects of these interactions on, for example, families and the environment (ACHHK080)
  • Students:
  • describe the nature of contact between Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples and others, including Aboriginal resistance AHCIU
  • explain the term terra nullius and describe how this affected the British attitude to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples AHCCCT
  • use sources to identify different perspectives on the arrival of the British to Australia AHC
  • outline the impact of early British colonisation on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' country AHC