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NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Early Stage 1 Content for Early Stage 1

Personal and family histories

Personal and Family Histories provides students with the opportunity to learn about their own history and that of their family; this may include stories from a range of cultures and other parts of the world. As participants in their own history, students build on their knowledge and understanding of how the past is different from the present.

Overview of teaching and learning

Knowledge and understanding, concepts and skills are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way to provide meaningful learning experiences for students. By engaging with the following content, students will have the opportunity to engage with historical content, concepts and skills.

  • The following historical concepts are to be taught throughout Early Stage 1:

  • Continuity and change: some things change over time and others remain the same, eg changes and continuities in students' own lifetimes and that of their families.
  • Cause and effect: events, decisions or developments in the past that produce later actions, results or effects, eg simple cause and effect in stories.
  • Perspectives: people from the past will have different views and experiences, eg exploration of a point of view and understanding that stories may vary depending on who is the narrator.
  • Empathetic understanding: developing an understanding of another's views, life and decisions made, eg development of an understanding of differences and similarities between families.
  • Significance: importance of an event, development or individual/group, eg the personal importance of a treasured object; significant events in students' lives and the importance and meaning of special days and holidays.
  • The following historical skills are to be taught throughout Early Stage 1:

  • Comprehension: chronology, terms and concepts

  • respond by demonstrating active listening behaviour, through discussion and by recalling and retelling stories
  • sequence familiar objects and events (ACHHS015)
  • distinguish between the past, present and future (ACHHS016)
  • Use of sources

  • explore and use a range of sources about the past (ACHHS018)
  • identify and compare features of objects from the past and present (ACHHS019)
  • Perspectives

  • explore a point of view (ACHHS020)
  • Empathetic understanding

  • recognise differences and similarities between individuals and families in the past and present
  • Research

  • pose questions about the past using sources provided (ACHHS017)
  • Explanation and communication

  • develop a narrative about the past (ACHHS021)
  • use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, written, role play) and digital technologies. (ACHHS022)