skip to main content
NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Stage 5 Core Study – Depth Study 3: Australians at War: World Wars I and II (1914–1918, 1939–1945)


A student:

  • HT5-1

    explains and assesses the historical forces and factors that shaped the modern world and Australia

  • HT5-2

    sequences and explains the significant patterns of continuity and change in the development of the modern world and Australia

  • HT5-4

    explains and analyses the causes and effects of events and developments in the modern world and Australia

  • HT5-5

    identifies and evaluates the usefulness of sources in the historical inquiry process

  • HT5-7

    explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the modern world and Australia

  • HT5-9

    applies a range of relevant historical terms and concepts when communicating an understanding of the past

  • HT5-10

    selects and uses appropriate oral, written, visual and digital forms to communicate effectively about the past for different audiences

Related Life Skills outcomes: HTLS-3, HTLS-4, HTLS-6, HTLS-7, HTLS-9, HTLS-11, HTLS-12, HTLS-13

  • This topic can be taught as a broad comparative study or the two world wars can be studied separately.
  • Content

  • An overview of the causes of the wars, why men enlisted and where Australians fought (ACDSEH021, ACDSEH095, ACDSEH024)
  • Students:
  • outline the main causes of both wars
  • locate and sequence the places where Australians fought in both wars N
  • explain why Australians enlisted to fight in both wars EUCCCCTL
  • The scope and nature of warfare (ACDSEH095, ACDSEH107)
  • Students:
  • describe the nature of warfare during the Gallipoli campaign
  • explain the outcome of the Gallipoli campaign CC
  • outline and sequence the changing scope and nature of warfare from trenches in World War I to the Holocaust and the use of the atomic bombs to end World War II CCTSE
  • Significant events and the experiences of Australians at war (ACDSEH108)
  • using sources, students investigate the following features of each war: EULICTAHC
  • prisoners of war
  • a specific campaign, eg the Western Front 1916 and the New Guinea campaign 1942
  • the role of women
  • participation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
  • a specific event/incident, eg the Battle of Hamel 1918 and the Fall of Singapore 1942
  • Impact of the wars on Australia (ACDSEH096, ACDSEH109)
  • Students:
  • outline the Australian governments' control on the home front in both wars for each of the following: CCEUDD
  • conscription
  • use of government propaganda
  • changing roles of women
  • enemy 'aliens'
  • wartime controls/censorship
  • Significance of the wars to Australia (ACDSEH110)
  • Students:
  • explain the impact of the wars on returned soldiers/civilians PSCCCEU
  • analyse the changing relationship of Australia with other countries after World War II ACCIUCCT
  • Commemorations and the nature of the ANZAC legend (ACDSEH097)
  • Students:
  • explain how and why Australians have commemorated the wars CCEUCCTPSC
  • explain different perspectives on the ANZAC legend EULCCT