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NSW Syllabuses

Geography K–10 - Life Skills Changing Places – Life Skills


A student:

  • GELS-2

    demonstrates an understanding that places and environments change

  • GELS-3

    explores interactions and connections between people, places and environments

  • GELS-5

    explores management of places and environments

  • GELS-7

    collects and uses geographical information for inquiry

  • GELS-8

    communicates geographical information

Related Stage 4/5 outcomes: GE4-2, GE4-3, GE4-5, GE4-7, GE4-8, GE5-2, GE5-3, GE5-5, GE5-7, GE5-8

  • Key inquiry questions

  • What are urban areas?
  • Why do people move to urban areas?
  • What are the effects of urbanisation on places and the environment?
  • How can urban areas be sustainable for the future?
  • Content focus

  • Students examine the features and patterns of urban areas in Australia and other countries. They explore the reasons for internal and international migration patterns and the effect of population movements on places. Students investigate issues related to the management, and future, of urban places. 
  • Geographical concepts, skills and tools

  • Content including knowledge, understanding, concepts, skills and tools should be integrated to provide meaningful learning experiences for students. Refer to the Overview of teaching and learning.
  • Content

  • Urban environments
  • Students:
  • compare the features of an urban area with a rural area
  • investigate the features of urban areas eg population, housing and construction, density and range of services and facilities ST ICTL
  • identify advantages and disadvantages of urban living eg access to services, employment, crime, pollution, population levels CCTCC
  • investigate the location of urban areas throughout Australia M
  • compare and contrast urban areas in Australia with another country MGS IUDD
  • Urban migration
  • Students:
  • investigate why people move to cities eg job opportunities, access to healthcare VR CCTCCWE
  • compare population change in cities eg Sydney in 1900 and present day, growth of Sydney’s western suburbs, megacities in Asia or South America GS AIUN
  • examine how cities have responded to increasing population numbers eg construction and building programs, increased transport networks F CCTICT
  • share ideas about how places are affected when people move away eg decreased population, services withdrawn CCT
  • International migration
  • Students:
  • research why people move from one country to another eg family, employment, climate, safety, better opportunities CCTIU
  • explore trends in international migration from one country to another MGS N
  • examine the effect of multiculturalism in ONE country eg community radio and television, celebrations, religious and cultural holidays, food IUDD
  • Management for future urban environments
  • Students:
  • identify the effect of urbanisation on the environment in urban areas eg removal of trees, polluted creeks and waterways, altered landscape FVR SE
  • investigate strategies used to improve the sustainability of urban areas for the future eg solar energy programs, improved public transport networks, increased housing density SEICT