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NSW Syllabuses

Geography K–10 - Stage 4 Water in the World – Stage 4


A student:

  • GE4-1

    locates and describes the diverse features and characteristics of a range of places and environments

  • GE4-2

    describes processes and influences that form and transform places and environments

  • GE4-3

    explains how interactions and connections between people, places and environments result in change

  • GE4-5

    discusses management of places and environments for their sustainability

  • GE4-7

    acquires and processes geographical information by selecting and using geographical tools for inquiry

  • GE4-8

    communicates geographical information using a variety of strategies

Related Life Skills outcomes: GELS-1, GELS-2, GELS-3, GELS-5, GELS-7, GELS-8

  • Key inquiry questions

  • Why does the spatial distribution of water resources vary globally and within countries?
  • How do natural and human processes influence the distribution and availability of water as a resource?
  • What effect does the uneven distribution of water resources have on people, places and environments?
  • What approaches can be used to sustainably manage water resources and reduce water scarcity?
  • Content focus

  • Students examine water as a resource and the factors influencing water flows and availability of water resources in different places. They investigate the nature of water scarcity and assess ways of overcoming it. Students discuss variations in people’s perceptions about the value of water and the need for sustainable water management. Students also investigate processes that continue to shape the environment including an atmospheric or hydrologic hazard.
  • Content

  • Water resources
  • Students:
  • classification of water resources
  • identification of different forms of water used as resources VR
  • examination of spatial distribution patterns of water resources MST
  • The water cycle
  • Students:
  • investigate how the operation of the water cycle connects people and places, for example: (ACHGK038)
  • Australia’s water resources
  • Students:
  • investigate the quantity and variability of water resources in Australia and other places, for example:  (ACHGK039)
  • analysis of spatial variations in Australia’s water resources eg groundwater, rivers MGS N
  • explanation of variations in freshwater water availability across Australia eg precipitation, groundwater, runoff VR LN
  • assessment of variations in freshwater water availability between continents MGS CCTN
  • Water scarcity and water management
  • Students:
  • investigate the nature of water scarcity and ways of overcoming it, for example:  (ACHGK040)
  • description of the nature, extent and causes of water scarcity in different countries MGS LN
  • assessment of strategies used to overcome water scarcity and the role of governments, non-government organisations, individuals and communities in sustainable water management ASEWE
  • proposal of individual actions contributing to water management CCTPSCCC
  • The value of water
  • Students:
  • investigate the economic, cultural, spiritual and aesthetic values of water for people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and/or peoples of the Asia region, for example:  (ACHGK041) AHCA
  • description of the ways water is used by people eg agricultural, commercial, industrial and recreational uses VR AHCAL
  • discussion of variations in people’s perceptions about the value of water eg economic versus aesthetic EUIUDD
  • comparison of the importance of water to ONE Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community and/or ONE Asian community AHCADD
  • Natural hazard
  • Students:
  • explanation of the spatial distribution, cause and impact of the disaster MVR L
  • examination of responses by individuals, groups and government to the impact of the disaster ACCTIU
  • prediction of the impact of climate change on the occurrence, frequency and extent of this type of hazard MST CCTICT
  • discussion of management strategies to reduce the future impact of similar hazard events PSCCC