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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Stage 5 Working Scientifically (Skills)

Questioning and predicting

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-4WS

    develops questions or hypotheses to be investigated scientifically

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-4WS

Content

  • WS4 Students question and predict by:
  • a. formulating questions or hypotheses that can be investigated scientifically (ACSIS164, ACSIS198) CCT
  • b. predicting outcomes based on observations and scientific knowledge

Planning investigations

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-5WS

    produces a plan to investigate identified questions, hypotheses or problems, individually and collaboratively

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-5WS

Content

  • WS5.1 Students identify data to be collected for an investigation by:
  • a. describing the purpose of an investigation
  • b. explaining why certain types of information need to be collected in a range of investigation types NCCT
  • c. selecting possible sources of data, including secondary sources, relevant to the investigation
  • d. justifying why variables need to be kept constant if reliable first-hand data is to be collected in controlled experiments
  • a. planning and selecting appropriate investigation methods, including fieldwork and laboratory experimentation, to collect reliable data (ACSIS165, ACSIS199) CCTPSCWE
  • b. describing a logical procedure for undertaking a range of investigation types
  • c. designing controlled experiments to collect valid first-hand data
  • d. specifying the dependent and independent variables for controlled experiments
  • e. accounting for the use of an experimental control as appropriate
  • WS5.3 Students choose equipment or resources for an investigation by:
  • a. identifying appropriate equipment and materials
  • b. identifying the appropriate units to be used in collecting data N
  • c. selecting equipment to collect and record reliable data or information, using digital technologies as appropriate, eg data loggers ICTL
  • d. assessing risks and addressing ethical issues associated with these methods (ACSIS165, ACSIS199) PSCEU

Conducting investigations

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-6WS

    undertakes first-hand investigations to collect valid and reliable data and information, individually and collaboratively

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-6WS

Content

  • WS6 Students conduct investigations by:
  • a. individually and collaboratively using appropriate investigation methods, including fieldwork and laboratory experimentation, to collect reliable data (ACSIS165, ACSIS199) PSC
  • b. safely constructing, assembling and manipulating identified equipment WE
  • c. selecting and using appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data (ACSIS166, ACSIS200) WEICT
  • d. using appropriate units for measuring physical quantities N
  • e. reporting data and information, evidence and findings, with accuracy and honesty EU
  • f. evaluating the effectiveness of the planned procedure, considering risk factors and ethical issues, and suggesting improvements as appropriate CCTEUWE

Processing and analysing data and information

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-7WS

    processes, analyses and evaluates data from first-hand investigations and secondary sources to develop evidence-based arguments and conclusions

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-7WS

Content

  • WS7.1 Students process data and information by:
  • a. selecting and using a variety of methods to organise data and information including diagrams, tables, models, spreadsheets and databases NICTL
  • b. selecting and extracting information from tables, flow diagrams, other texts, audiovisual resources and graphs, including histograms and column, sector or line graphs N
  • c. accessing data and information by using a range of appropriate digital technologies ICT
  • d. applying numerical procedures and mathematical concepts and using digital technologies, where appropriate NCCTICT
  • e. identifying data which supports or discounts a question or hypothesis being investigated or a proposed solution to a problem CCT
  • f. describing specific ways to improve the quality of the data (ACSIS171, ACSIS205)
  • WS7.2 Students analyse data and information by:
  • a. analysing patterns and trends, including identifying inconsistencies in data and information (ACSIS169, ACSIS203) NCCT
  • b. describing relationships between variables (ACSIS169, ACSIS203) CCT
  • c. assessing the validity and reliability of first-hand data CCT
  • d. using knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent with evidence (ACSIS170, ACSIS204)
  • e. synthesising data and information to develop evidence-based arguments
  • f. evaluating conclusions and evidence, including identifying sources of uncertainty and possible alternative explanations (ACSIS171, ACSIS205) CCT
  • g. critically analysing the validity of information from secondary sources (ACSIS172, ACSIS206) CCT

Problem Solving

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-8WS

    applies scientific understanding and critical thinking skills to suggest possible solutions to identified problems

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-8WS

Content

  • WS8 Students solve problems by:
  • a. describing strategies to develop a range of possible solutions to an identified problem
  • b. assessing strategies that have been identified as possible solutions to an identified problem
  • c. applying the processes of Working Scientifically in developing creative solutions to problems CCTEUPSC
  • d. using cause-and-effect relationships to explain ideas
  • e. using models to explain phenomena and make predictions NCCT
  • f. applying critical thinking in considering suggested proposals, solutions and conclusions, including a consideration of risk CCT
  • g. evaluating different approaches used to solve problems (ACSIS172, ACSIS206)

Communicating

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC5-9WS

    presents science ideas and evidence for a particular purpose and to a specific audience, using appropriate scientific language, conventions and representations

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-9WS

Content

  • WS9 Students communicate by:
  • a. selecting and using in presentations, for different purposes and contexts, appropriate text types including discussions, explanations, expositions, procedures, recounts or reports L
  • b. selecting and constructing an appropriate table, type of diagram, table or graph (histogram or sector, column or line graph) to present information and show relationships clearly and succinctly using digital technologies as appropriate NLICT
  • c. using appropriate units for physical quantities and symbols to express relationships, including mathematical ones N
  • d. proposing ideas that demonstrate coherence and logical progression CCTL
  • e. presenting scientific ideas and information for a particular purpose, including constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions and representations for specific audiences (ACSIS174, ACSIS208) L