skip to main content
NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Stage 4 - Skills – Working Scientifically Working Scientifically (Skills)

Questioning and predicting

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-4WS

    identifies questions and problems that can be tested or researched and makes predictions based on scientific knowledge

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-4WS

Content

  • WS4 Students question and predict by:
  • a. identifying questions and problems that can be investigated scientifically (ACSIS124, ACSIS139)
  • b. making predictions based on scientific knowledge and their own observations (ACSIS124, ACSIS139)

Planning Investigations

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-5WS

    collaboratively and individually produces a plan to investigate questions and problems

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-5WS

Content

  • a. identifying the purpose of an investigation
  • b. proposing the type of information and data that needs to be collected in a range of investigation types, including first-hand and secondary sources NCCT
  • c. locating possible sources of data and information, including secondary sources, relevant to the investigation CCTL
  • a. collaboratively and individually planning a range of investigation types, including fieldwork, experiments, surveys and research (ACSIS125, ACSIS140)
  • b. outlining a logical procedure for undertaking a range of  investigations to collect valid first-hand data, including fair tests
  • c. identifying in fair tests, variables to be controlled (held constant), measured and changed
  • d. describing safety and ethical guidelines to be addressed EUPSC
  • WS5.3 Students choose equipment or resources for an investigation by:
  • a. identifying suitable equipment or resources to perform the task, including safety equipment and digital technologies ICT
  • b. selecting equipment to collect data with accuracy appropriate to the task (ACSIS126, ACSIS141) ICT

Conducting Investigations

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-6WS

    follows a sequence of instructions to safely undertake a range of investigation types, collaboratively and individually

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-6WS

Content

  • WS6 Students conduct investigations by:
  • a. collaboratively and individually conducting a range of investigation types, including fieldwork and experiments, ensuring safety and ethical guidelines are followed (ACSIS125, ACSIS140) PSCEU
  • b. assembling and using appropriate equipment and resources to perform the investigation, including safety equipment
  • c. selecting equipment to collect data with accuracy appropriate to the task (ACSIS126, ACSIS141) ICT
  • d. following the planned procedure, including in fair tests, measuring and controlling variables (ACSIS126, ACSIS141) EUPSC
  • e. recording observations and measurements accurately, using appropriate units for physical quantities L
  • f. performing specific roles safely and responsibly when working collaboratively to complete a task within the timeline PSC
  • g. assessing the method used and identifying improvements to the method (ACSIS131, ACSIS146) CCTWE

Processing and analysing data and information

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-7WS

    processes and analyses data from a first-hand investigation and secondary sources to identify trends, patterns and relationships, and draw conclusions

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-7WS

Content

  • WS7.1 Students process data and information by:
  • a. summarising data from students' own investigations and secondary sources (ACSIS130, ACSIS145) NCCT
  • b. using a range of representations to organise data, including graphs, keys, models, diagrams, tables and spreadsheets N
  • c. extracting information from diagrams, flowcharts, tables, databases, other texts, multimedia resources and graphs including histograms and column, sector and line graphs NL
  • d. accessing information from a range of sources, including using digital technologies ICTL
  • e. applying simple numerical procedures, eg calculating means when processing data and information, as appropriate N
  • WS7.2 Students analyse data and information by:
  • a. checking the reliability of gathered data and information by comparing with observations or information from other sources CCT
  • b. constructing and using a range of representations, including graphs, keys and models to represent and analyse patterns or relationships, including using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS129, ACSIS144) ICTNL
  • c. identifying data which supports or discounts a question being investigated or a proposed solution to a problem CCT
  • d. using scientific understanding to identify relationships and draw conclusions based on students' data or secondary sources (ACSIS130, ACSIS145)
  • e. proposing inferences based on presented information and observations CCT
  • f. reflecting on the method used to investigate a question or solve a problem, including evaluating the quality of the data collected (ACSIS131, ACSIS146) CCT

Problem solving

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-8WS

    selects and uses appropriate strategies, understanding and skills to produce creative and plausible solutions to identified problems

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-8WS

Content

  • WS8 Students solve problems by:
  • a. using identified strategies to suggest possible solutions to a familiar problem CCT
  • b. describing different strategies that could be employed to solve an identified problem with a scientific component CCT
  • c. using scientific knowledge and findings from investigations to evaluate claims (ACSIS132, ACSIS234) CCT
  • d. using cause and effect relationships to explain ideas and findings CCT
  • e. evaluating the appropriateness of different strategies for solving an identified problem EUCCT

Communicating

Outcomes

A student:

  • SC4-9WS

    presents science ideas, findings and information to a given audience using appropriate scientific language, text types and representations

Related Life Skills outcome: SCLS-9WS

Content

  • WS9 Students communicate by:
  • a. presenting ideas, findings and solutions to problems using scientific language and representations using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS133, ACSIS148) LICT
  • b. using appropriate text types in presentations, including a discussion, explanation, exposition, procedure and recount L
  • c. using a recognised method to acknowledge sources of data and information L
  • d. constructing and using a range of representations to honestly, clearly and/or succinctly present data and information including diagrams, keys, models, tables, drawings, images, flowcharts, spreadsheets and databases LICTEU
  • e. constructing and using the appropriate type of graph (histogram, column, sector or line graph) to express relationships clearly and succinctly, employing digital technologies as appropriate NICT