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NSW Syllabuses

Science Life Skills Stage 6 - Life Skills - Earth and Space Science Life Skills Earth and Space Science LS – Module 3: Earth's Processes and Hazards


A student:

  • SCLS6-1

    poses questions and hypotheses for scientific investigation

  • SCLS6-3

    participates in investigations individually or collaboratively to collect primary or secondary data and information

  • SCLS6-4

    collects and represents qualitative or quantitative data and information using media as appropriate

  • SCLS6-5

    develops conclusions from primary or secondary data and information

  • SCLS6-7

    communicates information about an investigation using scientific language and terminology

  • SCLS6-9

    uses patterns and trends in data to make observations and draw conclusions

  • SCLS6-12

    investigates technologies used in science

Related Stage 6 outcomes INS11/12-1, INS11/12-3, INS11/12-4, INS11/12-5, INS11/12-7, INS11-9, INS12-13

Content Focus

Students explore how the Earth has evolved over time. Through an exploration of climate variation and other geological processes, they develop an understanding of the occurrence and impacts of natural disasters. Students investigate how technologies can be used to predict and respond to these events.

Working Scientifically

In this module, students recognise trends, patterns or relationships in data to communicate ideas about the evolution of the Earth. They participate in investigations to gather and represent qualitative or quantitative data about the evolving Earth.


  • Fossilisation

  • Inquiry question: What do fossils reveal about the age of the Earth?
  • Students:
  • recognise fossils as remains of the past
  • identify that fossils are found in rock
  • explore what fossils can reveal about the past CCT
  • participate in a practical investigation to explore how fossils are formed CCT
  • demonstrate safe practices when participating in a practical investigation of fossils WE
  • relate fossils to humans’ understanding of the relative age of the Earth
  • Climate Science

  • Inquiry question: What are the impacts and evidence of climate variations?
  • Students:
  • recognise a range of weather patterns, for example:
  • humidity
  • wind
  • rainfall
  • explore the impact of climate on our environment SE
  • investigate evidence of variations in climate, for example: CCT
  • increase in concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
  • variations in global temperature
  • changing distribution of glaciers
  • rising sea levels as a result of polar ice caps melting due to variations in global temperatures
  • Inquiry question: How do humans contribute to variations in climate?
  • Students:
  • investigate human activity that contributes to climate variation, for example: SE
  • burning of fossil fuels
  • investigate ways to reduce climate variation, for example: SE
  • reduce pollution from vehicle emission by using unleaded fuels or carpooling
  • increase the use of renewable energy sources to produce electricity
  • Geological Natural Disasters

  • Inquiry question: How do geological disasters occur?
  • Students:
  • identify a range of natural disasters caused by geological processes, for example:
  • earthquakes
  • volcanic eruptions
  • tsunamis
  • explore the geological processes that cause natural hazards, for example: SE
  • earthquakes are the result of a movement in tectonic plates
  • volcanic eruptions are caused by magma building up beneath the Earth’s crust
  • tsunamis are caused by movement on the ocean floor
  • floods can be caused by heavy rainfall
  • identify global weather events, for example: SE
  • cyclones
  • drought
  • identify natural disasters that occur because of weather or climate conditions, for example: SE
  • floods
  • cyclones
  • hurricanes
  • bushfires
  • explore technologies that are used to monitor and predict weather patterns, for example: ICT
  • radar
  • satellites
  • atmospheric sensors
  • Environmental Impacts of Natural Disasters

  • Inquiry question: How do natural disasters impact on the environment?
  • Students:
  • predict changes that result from the impact of specific natural disasters on native plants SE
  • explore how native plants survive natural disasters, for example: SE
  • regrowing after a bushfire or flood
  • investigate a natural disaster that has occurred in Australia to explore the impact on humans and the environment SE
  • Prediction and Prevention of Natural Disasters

  • Inquiry question: How do technologies contribute to the prevention and minimisation of natural disasters?
  • Students:
  • explore the difficulties in monitoring and predicting natural disasters
  • investigate how disasters can be prevented or minimised, for example: CCTCC
  •  the use of warning systems in the home, eg smoke detectors and fire alarms
  •  emergency services
  • explore how technological advancements have impacted on the ability to communicate warnings in relation to natural disasters ICT