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NSW Syllabuses

Mathematics K–10 - Life Skills - Statistics and Probability Chance

Chance: Language of Chance

Outcomes

A student:

  • MALS-1WM

    responds to and uses mathematical language to demonstrate understanding

  • MALS-3WM

    uses reasoning to recognise mathematical relationships

  • MALS-38SP

    recognises and uses the language of chance in a range of contexts

Related Stage 4/5 outcomes: MA4-21SP, MA5.1-13SP, MA5.2-16SP, MA5.2-17SP

Content

  • Students:
  • distinguish between events that are certain and events that are uncertain, eg having a birthday, winning a lottery CCT
  • describe the likelihood of familiar events using informal terms, eg might, certain, probable, likely, unlikely, possible, impossible L
  • predict possible outcomes in everyday situations, eg decide what might occur in a movie before the ending of the story (Communicating, Reasoning) CCT
  • ask questions related to the likelihood of events, eg 'Do I need to take my umbrella if the sky is grey?' (Communicating, Reasoning) CCTL
  • use the language of chance in everyday situations (Communicating, Understanding) L
  • order events from least likely to most likely CCT

Chance: Chance and Probability

Outcomes

A student:

  • MALS-1WM

    responds to and uses mathematical language to demonstrate understanding

  • MALS-2WM

    applies mathematical strategies to solve problems

  • MALS-3WM

    uses reasoning to recognise mathematical relationships

  • MALS-39SP

    recognises the elements of chance and probability in everyday events

Related Stage 4/5 outcomes: MA4-21SP, MA5.1-13SP, MA5.2-16SP, MA5.2-17SP

Content

  • Students:
  • recognise the element of chance in familiar events, eg tossing a coin, rolling dice
  • interpret numerical values assigned to the probability of events occurring in real-life contexts, eg 50:50, 1 in 2, 1 in 100, 1 in a million
  • evaluate the probability of winning prizes in lotteries and other competitions, using online applications as appropriate (Communicating, Reasoning) CCTICT
  • conduct simple experiments to determine the probability of an outcome, eg spin a spinner 20 times and predict, record and communicate the results CCT