NSW Syllabuses

# Mathematics K–10 - Early Stage 1 - Number and Algebra Patterns and Algebra

## Outcomes

#### A student:

• MAe-1WM

describes mathematical situations using everyday language, actions, materials and informal recordings

• MAe-2WM

uses objects, actions, technology and/or trial and error to explore mathematical problems

• MAe-3WM

uses concrete materials and/or pictorial representations to support conclusions

• MAe-8NA

recognises, describes and continues repeating patterns

## Content

• Students:
• Sort and classify familiar objects and explain the basis for these classifications (ACMNA005)
• sort and classify a group of familiar objects into smaller groups
• recognise that a group of objects can be sorted and classified in different ways
• explain the basis for their classification of objects (Communicating, Reasoning)
• Copy, continue and create patterns with objects and drawings
• recognise, copy and continue repeating patterns using sounds and/or actions
• recognise, copy, continue and create repeating patterns using shapes, objects or pictures, eg
• create or continue a repeating pattern using simple computer graphics (Problem Solving)
• recognise when an error occurs in a pattern and explain what is wrong (Communicating, Reasoning)
• describe a repeating pattern made from shapes by referring to its distinguishing features, eg 'I have made my pattern from squares. The colours repeat. They go red, blue, red, blue, …'

### Background Information

Early number learning (including additive and multiplicative thinking) is important to the development of algebraic thinking in later stages.

In Early Stage 1, repeating patterns can be created using sounds, actions, shapes, objects, stamps, pictures and other materials.

### Language

Students should be able to communicate using the following language: group, pattern, repeat.