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NSW Syllabuses

Mathematics K–10 - Stage 5.3 - Number and Algebra Functions and Other Graphs #


A student:

  • MA5.3-1WM

    uses and interprets formal definitions and generalisations when explaining solutions and/or conjectures

  • MA5.3-3WM

    uses deductive reasoning in presenting arguments and formal proofs

  • MA5.3-12NA

    uses function notation to describe and sketch functions


  • Students:
  • Describe, interpret and sketch functions
  • define a function as a rule or relationship where for each input value there is only one output value, or that associates every member of one set with exactly one member of a second set L
  • use the vertical line test on a graph to decide whether it represents a function
  • explain whether a given graph represents a function (Communicating, Reasoning) CCT
  • decide whether straight-line graphs always, sometimes or never represent a function (Reasoning) CCT
  • use the notation \(f(x)\) L
  • use \(f(c)\) notation to determine the value of \(f(x)\) when x = c L
  • find the permissible x- and y-values for a variety of functions (including functions represented by straight lines, parabolas, exponentials and hyperbolas)
  • determine the inverse functions for a variety of functions and recognise their graphs as reflections of the graphs of the functions in the line \(y=x\) L
  • describe conditions for a function to have an inverse function (Communicating, Reasoning) CCT
  • recognise and describe the restrictions that need to be placed on quadratic functions so that they have an inverse function (Communicating, Reasoning) CCT
  • sketch the graphs of \(y=f(x)+c\) and \(y=f(x-a)\), given the graph of \(y=f(x)\) CCT
  • sketch graphs to model relationships that occur in practical situations and explain the relationship between the variables represented in the graph (Communicating)
  • consider a graph that represents a practical situation and explain the relationship between the two variables (Communicating, Reasoning) CCT

Purpose/Relevance of Substrand

Functions are very important concepts in the study of mathematics and its applications to the real world. They are used extensively where situations need to be modelled, such as across science and engineering, and in business and economics. There are many ways to represent a function. A formula may be given for computing the output for a given input. Other functions may be given by a graph that represents the set of all paired inputs and outputs. In science, many functions are given by a table that gives the outputs for selected inputs. Functions, such as inverse functions, can be described through their relationship with other functions.