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NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Stage 4 Depth Study 1: Investigating the Ancient Past


A student:

  • HT4-1

    describes the nature of history and archaeology and explains their contribution to an understanding of the past

  • HT4-5

    identifies the meaning, purpose and context of historical sources

  • HT4-6

    uses evidence from sources to support historical narratives and explanations

  • HT4-8

    locates, selects and organises information from sources to develop an historical inquiry

  • HT4-9

    uses a range of historical terms and concepts when communicating an understanding of the past

  • HT4-10

    selects and uses appropriate oral, written, visual and digital forms to communicate about the past

Related Life Skills outcomes: HTLS-1, HTLS-7, HTLS-8, HTLS-10, HTLS-11, HTLS-12, HTLS-13


  • Content

  • How historians and archaeologists investigate history, including excavation and archival research (ACDSEH001)
  • Students:
  • outline the main features of history and archaeology
  • outline the role of historians and archaeologists WE
  • define the terms and concepts relating to historical time, including BC/AD, BCE/CE
  • describe and explain the different approaches to historical investigation taken by archaeologists and historians LCCT
  • The range of sources that can be used in an historical investigation, including archaeological and written sources (ACDSEH029)
  • Students:
  • list a range of sources used by archaeologists and historians in historical investigations ICT
  • The methods and sources used to investigate at least ONE historical controversy or mystery that has challenged historians or archaeologists, such as an analysis of unidentified human remains (ACDSEH030)
  • Students:
  • use the process of historical investigation to examine at least ONE historical controversy or mystery LACCT
  • The nature of the sources for ancient Australia and what they reveal about Australia's past in the ancient period, such as the use of resources (ACDSEH031)
  • Students:
  • locate and describe a variety of sources for ancient Australia, eg animal and human remains, tools, middens, art and stories and sites related to the Dreaming AHC
  • investigate what these sources reveal about Australia's ancient past AHCSECCT
  • identify ancient sites that have disappeared, or are threatened or have been protected and preserved, eg Akrotiri, Pompeii, the Pharos Lighthouse, Angkor Wat, Teotihuacan ASE
  • identify some methods of preserving and conserving archaeological and historical remains ICT
  • describe an Australian site which has preserved the heritage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples AHCSE
  • using a range of sources, including digital sources, eg UNESCO World Heritage criteria for ancient sites, choose ONE site to explain why it is important for a chosen site to be preserved and conserved LICTCCT
  • Suggested Site Studies include:
  • a museum visit
  • an Aboriginal site (issues of access and permission need to be appropriate to the site selected)
  • an archaeological site
  • a local site of significance
  • a heritage site
  • a virtual historical/archaeological site