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NSW Syllabuses

History K–10 - Stage 4 The Ancient World (50 hours minimum teaching time)

  • Overview

  • The overview is approximately 10% of teaching time of The Ancient World. The overview may be taught separately or may be integrated with the depth studies.
  • Historical context of the overview

  • According to the 'out of Africa' theory, about 60 000 years ago modern humans (Homo sapiens) began to leave that continent and gradually spread throughout the world. Some groups eventually settled down to grow crops and domesticate animals. In some regions, villages, towns and finally cities emerged and specialised occupations and trades developed. Organised activities and institutions developed, such as manufacture and trade, art and writing, religion and law, military and political structures. Some of these societies became the focal points of empires which shaped various parts of the ancient world.
  • Students briefly outline:
  • the theory that people moved out of Africa around 60 000 years ago and migrated to other parts of the world including Australia
  • the evidence for the emergence and establishment of ancient societies, including art, iconography, writing, tools and pottery
  • key features of ancient societies (farming, trade, social classes, religion, rule of law)
  • Depth Studies

  • There are three (3) Ancient World depth studies.
  • Key inquiry questions for the following three (3) Ancient World depth studies:
  • How do we know about the ancient past?
  • Why and where did the earliest societies develop?
  • What emerged as the defining characteristics of ancient societies?
  • What have been the legacies of ancient societies?

Depth Study 1

Investigating the Ancient Past

(including ancient Australia)

Depth Study 2

The Mediterranean World

ONE of the following to be studied:

  • Egypt
  • Greece 
  • Rome

Depth Study 3

The Asian World

ONE of the following to be studied:

  • India 
  • China