explains the diverse features and characteristics of a range of places and environments
explains processes and influences that form and transform places and environments
analyses the effect of interactions and connections between people, places and environments
assesses management strategies for places and environments for their sustainability
acquires and processes geographical information by selecting and using appropriate and relevant geographical tools for inquiry
communicates geographical information to a range of audiences using a variety of strategies
Related Life Skills outcomes: GELS-1, GELS-2, GELS-3, GELS-5, GELS-7, GELS-8
Key inquiry questions
- What are the main characteristics that differentiate the world’s biomes?
- How do people use and alter biomes for food production?
- Can the world’s biomes sustainably feed the world’s population?
- What strategies can be used to increase global food security?
- Students examine the physical characteristics and productivity of biomes. Students examine the correlation between the world’s climatic zones and spatial distributions of biomes and their capacity to support food and non-food agricultural production. Students analyse the impact humans have on biomes in an effort to produce food and increase agricultural yields. They examine population trends and projections from Australia and across the world and forecast future food supply-and-demand issues. Challenges to food production are explored and management strategies investigated.
- examination of the spatial distribution of biomes
- identification of biomes used to produce food, industrial materials and fibres
- explanation of the impact of the climate, soils and vegetation of a biome on its productivity
- Changing biomes
- investigate the human alteration of biomes to produce food, industrial materials and fibres and the environmental effects of these alterations, for example: (ACHGK061)
- examination of human alterations to the physical characteristics of biomes eg vegetation removal, agriculture, land terracing, irrigation, mining
- assessment of environmental impacts of human alterations to biomes eg habitat and biodiversity loss, water pollution, salinity
- discussion of successful sustainability strategies that minimise environmental impacts
- Biomes produce food
- investigate environmental, economic and technological factors that influence agricultural yields in Australia and across the world, for example: (ACHGK062)
- examination of how environmental factors influence agricultural yields eg temperature, water availability, soil, topography
- discussion of economic factors affecting agricultural yields eg global trade, commercialisation of agriculture
- explanation of how technology is used to increase agricultural yields eg innovations and advancements in farming practices
- Challenges to food production
- investigate environmental challenges to food production for Australia and other areas of the world, for example: (ACHGK063)
- description of the impact of water scarcity and pollution on food production
- discussion of the impact of land degradation and competing land uses on food production eg urban expansion, biofuel production
- assessment of the extent to which climate change can affect the capacity of countries to increase food production
- Food security
- investigate the capacity of the world’s biomes to achieve sustainable food security for Australia and the world, for example: (ACHGK064)
- assessment of the capacity of biomes to produce food into the future
- analysis of population projections to predict future demand for food
- examination of sustainable practices used to achieve food security
- discussion of the potential for Australia to contribute to global food security