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NSW Syllabuses

Biology Stage 6 - Year 12 Module 8: Non-infectious Disease and Disorders


A student:

  • BIO11/12-5

    analyses and evaluates primary and secondary data and information

  • BIO11/12-6

    solves scientific problems using primary and secondary data, critical thinking skills and scientific processes

  • BIO11/12-7

    communicates scientific understanding using suitable language and terminology for a specific audience or purpose

  • BIO12-15

    explains non-infectious disease and disorders and a range of technologies and methods used to assist, control, prevent and treat non-infectious disease

Content Focus

Students engage with the study of non-infectious disease and disorders, including their causes and effects on human health. They explore technologies and their uses in treating disease and disorders as well as the epidemiology of non-infectious disease in populations.

This module examines the practical applications of STEM. It looks at the importance of understanding the multidisciplinary nature of science applications. It also examines physiology and engineered solutions to problems related to the management of human disorders.

Working Scientifically

In this module, students focus on collecting and processing data to analyse trends and patterns and solve problems. They also focus on communicating ideas about non-infectious disease and disorders. Students should be provided with opportunities to engage with all Working Scientifically skills throughout the course.


  • Homeostasis

  • Inquiry question: How is an organism’s internal environment maintained in response to a changing external environment?
  • Students:
  • construct and interpret negative feedback loops that show homeostasis by using a range of sources, including but not limited to: (ACSBL101, ACSBL110, ACSBL111) CCTICT
  • temperature (ACSBL098)
  • glucose
  • investigate the various mechanisms used by organisms to maintain their internal environment within tolerance limits, including:
  • trends and patterns in behavioural, structural and physiological adaptations in endotherms that assist in maintaining homeostasis (ACSBL099, ACSBL114) ICT
  • internal coordination systems that allow homeostasis to be maintained, including hormones and neural pathways (ACSBL112, ACSBL113, ACSBL114)
  • mechanisms in plants that allow water balance to be maintained (ACSBL115) ICT
  • Causes and Effects

  • Inquiry question: Do non-infectious diseases cause more deaths than infectious diseases?
  • Students:
  • investigate the causes and effects of non-infectious diseases in humans, including but not limited to: ICT
  • genetic diseases
  • diseases caused by environmental exposure
  • nutritional diseases
  • cancer
  • collect and represent data to show the incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of non-infectious diseases, for example: ICTNCCTDD
  • nutritional diseases
  • diseases caused by environmental exposure
  • Epidemiology

  • Inquiry question: Why are epidemiological studies used?
  • Students:
  • analyse patterns of non-infectious diseases in populations, including their incidence and prevalence, including but not limited to: ICTIULCC
  • nutritional diseases
  • diseases caused by environmental exposure
  • investigate the treatment/management, and possible future directions for further research, of a non-infectious disease using an example from one of the non-infectious diseases categories listed above ICTIUL
  • evaluate the method used in an example of an epidemiological study
  • evaluate, using examples, the benefits of engaging in an epidemiological study
  • Prevention

  • Inquiry question: How can non-infectious diseases be prevented?
  • Students:
  • use secondary sources to evaluate the effectiveness of current disease-prevention methods and develop strategies for the prevention of a non-infectious disease, including but not limited to: CCT
  • educational programs and campaigns PSC
  • genetic engineering EU
  • Technologies and Disorders

  • Inquiry question: How can technologies be used to assist people who experience disorders? CCT
  • Students:
  • explain a range of causes of disorders by investigating the structures and functions of the relevant organs, for example:
  • hearing loss
  • visual disorders
  • loss of kidney function
  • investigate technologies that are used to assist with the effects of a disorder, including but not limited to: (ACSBL100) ICTL
  • hearing loss: cochlear implants, bone conduction implants, hearing aids ICTPSC
  • visual disorders: spectacles, laser surgery ICTPSC
  • loss of kidney function: dialysis PSC
  • evaluate the effectiveness of a technology that is used to manage and assist with the effects of a disorder (ACSBL100) EUL